Biodiversity Assessment and Monitoring Systems


Provisional schedule as of August 1, 1996.

The aim of this workshop is to prepare a manual, including guidelines for how to use leaf-litter ants in biodiversity and conservation researach, as well as discussions of the pros and cons of specific techniques, limitations, and required research.

To achieve this aim in this short time, the following rules will apply.

  • Lectures should generally not be longer than 30 minutes, 15 minutes for case studies.
  • After each lecture there will be discussion, which will be summarized. In cases were decisions have to me made, a consensus has to be achieved.
  • Each speaker has to take notes of the discussion. Participants are asked to submit longer arguments toward a specific subject in written form, which then will be integrated into the respective paper. The authorship for that part will be given to this participant.
  • Each argument in a discussion should be written down on a piece of paper, with the number of chapter involved and the author. The paper has than to be posted on a specifically designated area. For longer submissions, figures and tables, please prepare them at home and bring them along on a computer disk. This will allow the author of the chapter to include all the contributions.
  • Redundancy should be omitted. Especially in case studies, do only present the specific data, and a brief outline of the methods. Discussion of methods should be included in the technical chapters.
  • The sessions will be chaired either by Jonathan Majer or Donat Agosti.
  • A template of an earlier version of the Amphibian book is mailed to each of the participants, and guidlines to the other will be distributed at the conference.

18. August


    8pm - 930pm

    • Wellcome
      Introduction I
    • The introduction of the participants
    • Ilheus: History, Biodiversity and Conservation Keith Alger, IESB
    • The ALL - Workshop: the general setting, the aims, the administration


      Introduction II
    • The background: biotic inventories, bioindicators for biodiversity and conservation. Donat Agosti
    • Ant diversity and natural history: an overview. William L. Brown jr.
    • Broad-scale patterns of leaf-litter ant species diversity. Philip S. Ward
    • Ant Communities. Mike Kaspari



    • Correlations between ant and other organismal diversity. Leeanne Elizabeth Tennant de Arias
    • Biology of the interaction of ants with other leaf litter organisms. Ted Schultz and Terry McGlynn
    • Functional Groups in ants. Alan Andersen
    • Ants as biodiversity indicators. Raghavendra Gadagkar>
    • A comparison of rainforests around the world. Wayt M. Thomas and Donat Agosti
    • SUMMARY: Limits, research required. Philip S. Ward et al. [Based on discussion]


    800pm-1000pm Case Studies (each 15 minutes)

    • The West-Malayisan case. Annette K.F. Malsch
    • The Indian case. Raghavendra Gadagkar
    • The Malagasy case. Brian Fisher
    • The Australian case. Alan Andersen and Jonathan Majer
    • The Manauan case. Heraldo Vasconzelos
    • The Amazonian case. Ana Yoshi Harada
    • The Atlantic forest case. Jacques Delabie, xx, and Donat Agosti
    • The Atlantic forest case: edge effects. Jacques H. Delabie and Jonathan Majer

20. August

    Excursion and demonstration at CEPEC


    • Field techniques: An overview and description of collecting techniques. Brandon Bestelmeyer
    • The use of pitfall traps for sampling ants and other invertebrate fauna - a Critique. Jonathan D. Majer.
    • Handling of the samples. Gary D. Alpert and John Lattke
    • Identification. C. Roberto F. Brandão

21. August

    • Sampling design: How many samples need to be taken, how have they to be distributed. Jonathan Majer, Jacques H. Delabie and xx
    • What you can do with the data. John Longino
    • Discussion and conclusion for the chapter: "A protocol for the standardized collection of ant faunas". Donat Agosti et al.


    2pm-530pm Informatics tool - towards a global network

    • Computerized keys. Kye S. Hedlund and Ana Harada
    • The ALATI sample bank and web sites. Dave Gladstein and Donat Agosti



    • How to sell and teach leaf-litter ant assessments. Leeanne E. Tennant de Alonso
    • Limitations of current work and further research needed. Phil S.Ward

22. August

    • Ants as biodiversity indicators. Raghavendra Gadagkar
    • Ants as indicators of environmental quality. Jacques H.C. Delabie
    • Ants as indicators of medium and long term environmental changes. Jonathan Majer and Mike Kaspari



    • Conclusion. Jacques H. Delabie et al. (summary of roundtable) [Ant diversity assessment in comparison to other measures, limits of use of ants as bioindicators]

    farewell banquet

23. August

    excursion (Una / Cerro Grande)

24. August

    excursion (Una / Cerro Grande)

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